Investigação Científica

Grupos de Investigação

The knowledge and the proof of age are indispensable and invaluable for all human beings. Age estimation of unknown human cadavers is important in the setting of a crime investigation or in mass disaster because it can guide forensic investigators to the correct identity among a large number of possible matches. Increasingly the courts ask for medico-legal age estimations of unknown human cadavers by forensic odontology. Especially, when the age estimation is an inter-state request based on the international law. Moreover, there has been an increase in age estimations requested for unaccompanied migrant minors in EU. For equal treatment of all forensic cases the applied age estimation method needs a uniform and totally reproducible approach on national and international level. Presently this is not the situation due to differences in chosen protocols associated with a lack of international consensus. This is a gap for the 16th Sustainable Development Goals of ONU to be achieve for 2030 according to Peace, Justice and Strong Institutions. The main objective of the working group is the identification and characterization of novel methodologies in medico-legal age estimation research that will result in the development of innovative forensic strategies for the medico-legal human identification, focusing on forensic odontology science in dental research. The others purposes are: Assessment, harmonization and validation of available methodologies in medico-legal age estimation research; Creation and dissemination of standardized state of the art models and techniques for age estimation in practical forensic cases; Establish guidelines for international quality assurance in age estimation.

Members from CEAUL (Integrated Investigators)

Prof Cristiana Maria Palmela Pereira
Centre of Statistics and Applications of the University of Lisbon, CEAUL
E-mail: cristiana.pereira@fmd.ul.pt

Prof Rui Filipe Vargas de Sousa Santos
Centre of Statistics and Applications of the University of Lisbon, CEAUL
E-mail: rui.santos@ipleiria.pt

• Anastácio, A.C., Serras, C., Santos, R. and Pereira, C.P. (2018). Validation of Cameriere’s Medical-Legal Age Estimation Method using Seconds Premolars in a Portuguese Population, Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine 60, 30-34. DOI: 10.1016/j.jflm.2018.09.005
• Pavlovic, S.; Pereira, C. and Santos, R. (2017). Age estimation in Portuguese population: the application of the London atlas of tooth development, Forensic Science International 272, 97-103. DOI: 10.1016/j.forsciint.2017.01.011
• Cesário, C., Santos, R., Pestana, D. Pereira, C.P. (2016). Medico-Legal Age Estimation in a Sub-adult Portuguese Population: Validation of Atlas Schour and Massler and London, Journal of Civil & Legal Sciences 5(4). DOI:10.4172/2169-0170.1000196
• Abrantes, C., Santos, R., Pestana, D. and Pereira C.P. (2015). Application of Dental morphological characteristics for medico-legal identification: Sexual diagnosis in a Portuguese population, HSOA Journal of Forensic, Legal & Investigative Sciences 1:001. DOI: 10.24966/FLIS-733X/100001.

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Metodologias Estatísticas

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